White stripes on the nails - the reasons for the longitudinal and transverse stripes


Many people have noticed white stripes on their nails, but almost no one pays serious attention to this problem. In most cases, it is truly harmless, but sometimes a suddenly appearing picture can be a signal that something wrong is happening to the body and it needs help.

What do healthy nails look like?

There are several criteria that will help assess the condition of the plates and see if they are in order. So, this is how healthy fingernails look like:

  1. Their tips should be white or ivory. Yellow spots should ideally not occur. Like white stripes on the nails.
  2. The surface of the plate is smooth and even, without any roughness, cracks, grooves, grooves. If at least one of these factors occurs, the body needs to start listening more seriously.
  3. An important indicator - the thickness of the nail. Too thin plates can talk about problems with metabolism, and too thick - about fungi or other infectious lesions.
  4. Among other things, the nails must be strong. That is, forever broken off tips and cracked plates - a disturbing bell.

What do the white stripes on the nails?

what do the white stripes on the nails

It just so happens that many people do not pay any attention to white stripes and spots on their nails, completely forgetting that any changes in the body are a reason to think about health. Science calls the appearance of a “pattern” on the plates leukonychia. The shape and size of the stripes can be anything - some see only small dots, while for others the stripes cover almost the entire nail.

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The problem may be false or true. The latter is not so common and indicates that there are problems in the functioning of the matrix - the part of the nail that is responsible for horn cells and plate growth. False leukonychia is a more common phenomenon. It indicates that the reasons for the appearance of stripes or spots are buried somewhere deeper in the body and, if the pattern does not go away for a long time, they need to be clarified with special care.

Horizontal stripes on the nails

If the transverse white stripes on the nails are not very wide, the reason may be hiding in the disturbed metabolism. Sometimes these occur in infectious lesions. In older people, horizontal stripes may appear in diabetes, cirrhosis of the liver, or heart failure. Among other things, the problem is a sign of weakened immunity and disorders in the digestive system.

Vertical stripes on the nails

The longitudinal stripes on the nails are single or multiple, dull or pronounced. Often the problem appears in those people who suffer from disorders of the peripheral circulation. Also why do white stripes appear on the nails? The following factors have to do with it:

White stripes on the nails of the hands - the reasons

white stripes on the nails of the hands

They can appear when the body is exposed to many different factors. A doctor can determine the exact cause. Diagnosis of the problem is usually carried out by onychologists or dermatologists. You can make a preliminary diagnosis yourself, knowing why transverse or longitudinal stripes appear on the fingernails and the causes of this disorder.

Horizontal drawings in most cases are caused by:

  • avitaminosis or nutritional deficiencies in the body;
  • iron deficiency anemia;
  • serious malfunction of the nervous system;
  • hypertension and various other diseases of the cardiovascular system;
  • incorrect work of the intestine or pancreas;
  • arthritis;
  • circulatory disorders.
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Longitudinal stripes on the nails of the hands cause a little bit other factors, including:

  • infections, due to which the nail does not receive the necessary nutrition (with a weak immunity, leukonychia can develop even against the background of ARVI or flu);
  • stresses, worries, negative emotions (by the way, many experts believe that white stripes, on nerve soil, arise in most cases);
  • fungus (this problem is usually accompanied by other symptoms - brittleness, discoloration, and others).

White stripes on the toenails - causes

On the lower limbs, leukonychia is formed for the same reasons as on the upper ones. In addition, the white stripes on the toenails can be caused by the following reasons:

  1. Injuries. Sometimes even a light blow leads to the appearance of a strip on the plate.
  2. Наследственность. This rarely happens, but for some people, leukonychia is indeed laid at the genetic level.
  3. Chemical exposure. Poor cosmetics, chemicals that hit the nail when cleaning, poor nail polish remover can all cause a problem.

Why are there white stripes and spots on my nails?

What other lines on the nails of the hands have a reason? Often they begin to appear after poor-quality manicure or pedicure. If during the procedure the plate is damaged - physically or chemically - it may start to become covered with a white pattern. Another likely cause is medication. In some organisms, allergy to the composition of drugs manifests itself in just this way.

What to do if there are white stripes on your nails

If the problem does not go away for a long time, and the number of lanes only increases, it is worthwhile to take care of your health:

  1. The first thing to do is to determine what specifically caused leukonychia. Analyze your actions, the menu, remember at what point you notice the appearance of strips, try to relax and unwind.
  2. Do not interfere and change the diet to the correct healthy menu. Even if it doesn’t help to get rid of stains, the body for such attentive attitude will definitely say “thank you”.
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If you are unable to overcome leukonychia yourself, you need to contact a specialist. Doctors prescribe a course depending on the factor that caused the problem and often prescribe:

  • multivitamin course;
  • antifungal agents;
  • antibiotics (in especially difficult cases);
  • treatment with essential oils, sea salt solution with iodine or lemon juice.