Belemnite stone – remains of an ancient living world

Organic

Belemnite belongs to the category of organic minerals. Millions of years ago, far in the Mesozoic, creatures similar to modern squid inhabited the waters of our planet. People found what remained after their extinction long before they could explain the origin of their finds.

Thus, many legends and horror stories have been written about stones of unusual shape. However, over its centuries-old history, a number of invaluable magical and healing properties have been studied, so everyone who has heard about this stone wants to get their hands on belemnite.

History and origin

People were able to explain what belemnite actually is only after the emergence of such a science as paleontology. All finds of fossils resembling arrowheads or even human fingers in shape were regarded by their ancestors as signs from the gods or fiends of hell.

belemnite

The ancient Greeks believed that belemnites were heavenly darts that the gods threw from heaven, punishing people who disobeyed them. The name “belemnite” is translated from the ancient Greek “belemnon” meaning “dart”. The people called the mineral “thunder arrow”. This name is still heard today.

Another well-known popular name for belemnite sounds like “devil's finger.” Of course, there is more than one legend explaining this name. According to one version, the supreme devil tried to take over the entire world, but the forces of good prevented this atrocity from happening. As punishment, the devil was turned into a rock, and his fingers were scattered all over the world, across the seas, oceans, as a reminder of evil spirits.

We advise you to read:  Basra pearls are the oldest known 

Belemnite reconstruction

For centuries, every nation has composed legends about what it could not explain scientifically. Thus, among the Chinese, belemnite is known as a “dragon’s tooth,” and according to other legends, as a “cow’s teat.” The Scandinavians believed that belemnites were the candles of dwarves who lived in dungeons.

And in Holland, the stone was considered lightning turned into stone, and served as a talisman for homes - the mineral was placed on the roofs of houses to protect itself from lightning and the rage of natural elements.

Modern paleontology has provided a reasonable explanation for the origin of belemnite. Thanks to numerous finds, scientists were able to establish the structure and mode of life of fossil mollusks. These proto-squids lived in the warm seas of the Mesozoic era. The age is dated to 251-66 million years.

belemnites

The number of remains suggests that their schools numbered thousands of representatives, like modern squids. Some geological layers of the Jurassic deposits consist of 90% “devil's fingers”.

Of course, over millions of years, not all remains have retained their original appearance and mineral composition. Some of them were exposed to water and sand, polished to such an extent that they changed shape to the appearance of ordinary pebbles. Others turned into minerals, different in composition and structure. However, most rostra have retained their original structure, and they can be found in any corner of the Earth.

Deposits and production

Belemnites are mined everywhere, in areas where Jurassic sediments come to the surface. The territory of Russia has large deposits of rostra of fossil mollusks, even the territory of the capital and the Moscow region is famous for such finds. True, specimens from this region are small - the rostra rarely reach 15 cm in length.

But the belemnites of the Volgograd region, which found refuge among the river chalk deposits, are distinguished by their large size and excellent quality. Australian finds are also known throughout the world - belemnites from this corner of the planet can easily be confused with high-quality opals.

Rostra of belemnites (Moscow)
Belemnite rostra 

physical properties

The basis of the structure of belemnites is aragonite, which occupies 98% of the rock composition, as well as calcite. However, some specimens, depending on the location and conditions of occurrence, are distinguished by the presence of impurities.

Therefore, belemnite often includes components such as silicon and iron, bromine and nickel, phosphorus, zinc and copper. Sometimes tin, gold, and silver are present. The rostra of ancient mollusks are strong, hard, and resistant to mechanical damage.

Applications

The main area of ​​application of the breed is jewelry making. Jewelry with raw belemnites, which resemble the fangs of prehistoric animals, looks unconventional and advantageous. In addition, all kinds of esoteric products are made from stone - amulets, amulets.

Traditional healers have long found other uses for belemnite. Powder from rostra is famous for a number of healing properties, for which it is loved by healers and lithotherapists.

In addition to aesthetic and medical uses, belemnites have another important purpose - scientific. With the help of such finds, paleontologists, along with geologists, determine the age of sedimentary rocks, which is important when dating geological layers.

Don't forget about collectors either. True stone lovers do not miss the opportunity to acquire the best specimens of belemnite to add to the ranks of their mineralogical collections.

Stone types

Mollusks that lived thousands of years ago in the waters of the Earth numbered about 350 varieties. The habitat of the subspecies influenced the shape and size of the rostra. Massive, short shells were characteristic of the inhabitants of coastal areas, while inhabitants of open sea waters were distinguished by the presence of long, thin rostra.

In addition to shapes and sizes, belemnites also vary in color. Mollusk rostras are:

  • gray;
  • black;
  • cherry;
  • amber.

Belemnite opals, which are found in Australian deposits, are especially beautiful and expensive. Translucent honey-amber colored specimens are also highly prized.

Amber belemnite

Medicinal properties

The healing properties of belemnite have been known to people for a long time. In addition, modern lithotherapeutic practices have a scientific basis. The habitat of prehistoric mollusks fell on a period when our planet was untouched by humans. All the beneficial properties of that ecology were preserved in shells for many millennia.

Aragonite, which accounts for the lion's share of the “devil's finger” composition, is considered an antimicrobial agent.

Therefore, healers use rostra powder to treat a number of dermatological diseases, such as:

  • psoriasis;
  • burns;
  • eczema;
  • skin ulcers;
  • seborrheic and acne.

There are different ways to use the powder for dermatological purposes - solutions for baths and washes, powders.

The healing properties of fossil rostra have been noticed by phthisiatricians. Back in the 19th century, Robert Koch, in the course of his research, determined the optimal doses of belemnite powder that could cope with tuberculosis.

Along the way, the radical effect of crushed aragonite rostra on gastric ulcers, gastritis, and duodenal ulcers was established.

Belemnite powder serves as an additional component in herbal decoctions. Such drugs are used to strengthen the immune system. In addition, preventive thirty-day intake of the suspension every 3-4 years helps to compensate for the lack of calcium in the body. And in case of established osteoporosis, this remedy is used to treat the disease. It is also known that in ancient times, powder from the mineral was added to men’s drinks to increase male strength.

Magical properties

The ancient Scandinavians, northern Germans, Dutch and Danes used the magic of the “thunder arrow” to protect homes from natural disasters and evil spirits. To do this, the stone was hung in the attic of the house or rostras were laid out around the perimeter of the roof.

Modern esotericists confirm the protective properties of belemnite. The mineral is able to protect a person from negativity from the outside. Anyone who wears a belemnite amulet or accessory becomes calmer, more confident in a bright future, and the family and work relationships of this person are reliably protected from troubles or disagreements. A surge of vital energy is felt from the first contact with an ancient shell, and the pointed part of the shell is considered the most magically powerful.

Jewelry with mineral

Jewelry with belemnites is not one of those products that is easy to find in any jewelry store. Basically, these products are one-off, exclusive and made to order by craftsmen.

Their cost also varies, depending on the accompanying materials and the complexity of the work:

  • Necklace with belemnite surrounded by jasper, hematite and decorative elements made of wood, leather cord, African walnut – 50 euros.
  • Shamanic amulet “Dreamcatcher” with “devil’s finger”, feathers, beads, vine – 10 euros.
  • Silver pendant with a pyrite flower on belemnite – 60 euros.

Individual specimens of rostra are priced from 4 euros per piece.

How to distinguish a fake

Industrial production of synthetic belemnite is impossible due to the special origin of the mineral. Some scammers are trying to put crude fakes on the market, but the structural features of the natural rostrum do not allow them to make a high-quality artificial imitation.

Indeed, in order to repeat the outlines of blood vessels, as well as to endow the stone with all the known signs of a prehistoric mollusk, remarkable talent and patience are required.

How to wear and care

Belemnite, which has retained its originality through millions of years, is very easy to care for. The mineral is hard and durable, which makes the stone resistant to most mechanical or chemical influences. However, this does not mean that products with this miracle of nature should be tested for strength. Every thing requires thrift.

Cleaning the stone from dirt involves using a soft cloth in combination with a warm soapy solution. After the procedure, the mineral is thoroughly washed under running water and then dried.

Astrological Compatibility

Astrologers do not single out Zodiacs for whom belemnite is contraindicated. Anyone can give preference to this talisman. However, it is believed that people born in July-August under the signs of Cancer, Virgo and Leo, as well as those who were born during the period of maximum thunderstorm activity, regardless of the month of birth, receive special protection.

For these lucky ones, the belemnite talisman will promote all matters and also support physical health.

Interesting Facts

Based on the prints they found, paleontologists compiled an accurate “portrait” of the ancient mollusk - a head, a body with ten tentacles equipped with suction cups. The spitting image of a modern squid. With one significant exception - the presence of an internal shell, which evolved descendants got rid of. Belemnite is one of the three parts of this shell - the rostrum, which helped the mollusk maintain balance when moving.

The sizes of the rostra range from 10 to 42 cm in length. In addition to the rostrum, the shell consisted of a phragmocone and a proostracum. The first was air chambers filled with water or air, depending on whether the mollusk wanted to dive or surface. The second served as a kind of shield for the rostra.

According to ancient Baltic beliefs, the “devil's finger” is endowed with the ability to neutralize snake venom. Once upon a time, healers used a powdered shell, pouring the medicine onto the bite site. At the same time, the healer read prayers, turning to the old gods.