Chrysocolla stone, which has many synonymous names (it is called copper malachite, gold glue, green spar and psilomelan), is an indispensable companion of any copper deposit.
Being a mineral of the water element and symbolizing the maternal and feminine principles, the gem magically transforms every woman who owns it.
A polished ball of chrysocolla is strikingly similar to a miniature globe - a three-dimensional model of our planet: blue and green stains on the surface of the stone form a pattern reminiscent of the contours of oceans and continents.
You can look at the play of its colors indefinitely: this activity is fascinating.
What is this stone
Chrysocolla, which is a mineral from the silicate group, is a hydrous copper silicate that colors the stone in bluish-green or bright blue tones.
Chrysocolla in the form of dense cluster-like aggregates is found in the upper layers of copper veins in mines scattered around the globe.
The appearance and chemical composition of the mineral - depending on the amount of impurities and impurities - is extremely variable.
For this reason, chrysocolla is often confused with other minerals of similar colors, mistaking it for blue chalcedony, variscite and turquoise.
History of use
Ancient Greek naturalist and philosopher Theophrastus, who lived in the IV century. d n. e., discovered copper in the composition of the mineral and invented a technique for remelting it, which made it possible to use the gem as copper solder in the manufacture of gold jewelry.
He also called the mineral chrysocolla (or "gold glue", translated from ancient Greek).
The discoverers of the beautiful gem were the inhabitants of ancient Egypt.
They actively used the stone in various areas of their lives:
- Mineral powdered and mixed with olive oil, has been used by both women and men as an eye shadow. This natural cosmetic product not only emphasized the beauty of the eyes, but also prevented premature aging of the skin.
- The same powder mixed with water, was used to obtain surprisingly bright and durable mineral paints (green, blue and blue), which were used to paint dishes and walls of burial chambers in the pyramids of the pharaohs, palace paintings and temple frescoes. Drawings made with chrysocolla paints have not lost their brightness to this day.
- Chrysocolla coupled with lapis lazuli and malachite used as a raw material for copper smelting.
- Chrysocolla slabs Egyptian masters faced the walls of temples, and from their fragments they created wonderful mosaic panels.
- A beautiful stone used to make jewelry, which, in particular, was owned by Cleopatra herself.
According to legend, it was chrysocolla that made the Jewish king Solomon fabulously rich. Its famous mines, mentioned in the Bible, were located in the vicinity of the city of Eilat, located on the shores of the Red Sea.
The extraction and sale of the "Eilat" stone, highly valued by the inhabitants of the countries adjacent to Judea, significantly enriched the state treasury.
By order of the legendary king, the floors and walls of the first Jerusalem temple were finished with chrysocolla slabs.
Legend has it that Solomon never parted with a ring adorned with magnificent chrysocolla, which endowed him with boundless wisdom.
Paying tribute to the legend, chrysocolla began to be called the stone of King Solomon. (This is interesting: there is also the Pentacle of Solomon).
During the Renaissance, mineral paints from chrysocolla were used by artists and icon painters.
The value of the stone
Today, chrysocolla is most often used as:
- Jewelry and ornamental stone, ideal for making jewelry (pendants, earrings, bracelets, beads and rings), magic items (talismans, amulets and amulets);
- Small plastic (all kinds of figurines, figurines and balls).
A malleable mineral that lends itself well to polishing, with proper care, it remains smooth and shiny for a long time, and the variety of colors allows it to be set in gold, silver and jewelry alloys.
Rare varieties of the mineral, similar to turquoise and valued no less than precious stones, are of particular importance to collectors who replenish their collections with rough specimens, cabochons or tumbling.
Physical properties of chrysocolla
The mineral is characterized by:
- Small (within 2,0-2,2) specific gravity.
- Density equal to 2,1 g/cm3.
- Instability of optical data due to the opacity of the stone.
- Lack of luminescence, dispersion and birefringence.
- The impossibility of interpreting the absorption spectrum.
- Weak pleochroism.
- Hardness, which - depending on the characteristics of the chemical composition - can vary between 2-4 points on the Mohs scale (for example, a sample containing silica particles can scratch glass).
- Conchoidal fracture.
- rhombic syngony.
- The absence of cleavage.
- Glassy, oily or waxy luster.
- A rich color range, the diversity of which is due to the presence of impurities. The copper content colors the stone in turquoise tones. The combination of iron, aluminum and copper gives the mineral a golden color, and the tandem of aluminum and iron gives it a green color. Kaolinite impurities color chrysocolla in sky-blue tones, and the high content of manganese makes its color brown.
The physical properties and chemical composition of chrysocolla are volatile, because under the influence of environmental factors, the percentage of its main components periodically changes (in some cases very significantly).
Depending on this, the density, color and even structure of the mineral may change.
Chrysocolla specimens can be dense and hard or brittle and soft. Dense aggregates have a waxy glassy sheen, which - as the mineral softens - gradually disappears.
The mineral that forms in the layers of copper and is mined along with it is not rare. Its rich deposits are found on all continents of our planet.
Chrysocolla production is established in:
- North and South America (gemologists unmistakably subdivide chrysocolla into Peruvian, Mexican and Arizona);
- Europe (Czech Republic and Germany);
- Africa (in the Congo and Zaire);
At the Mednorudyansky quarry and in the Turinsky mines, located in the vicinity of Krasnoturinsk (Sverdlovsk region), demidovite is mined - the most expensive variety of chrysocolla, painted in sky blue.
When harvesting chrysocolla, which begins to crumble and lose its decorative effect when exposed to high pressure or sudden temperature changes, it is recommended to be very careful.
It is the difficulties that complicate the extraction of a semi-precious stone that are the reason for its rather high cost.
Varieties of chrysocolla
The color, transparency and brilliance of different varieties of chrysocolla are radically different.
The chemical composition of crystals is so diverse that it allows gemologists to identify at least a dozen varieties of the mineral, but we will talk in more detail about a few of the main ones.
An opaque, greenish-blue colored mineral with many black and white speckles.
The high water content makes it unusually brittle.
The presence of a characteristic oily sheen, a clear pattern and a relatively flat surface are among the distinguishing features of asperolite.
The mineral is pale blue or dark blue, endowed with a ribbed structure, perfectly workable (for this quality it is very fond of jewelers and stone cutters) and decorated with patterns in green, brown, white, red and yellow tones.
Due to the minimum water content, biisbite is a very dense and most matte variety of chrysocolla, which does not have any shine.
A brilliant mineral of extraordinary beauty, painted in different shades of sky-blue, found in the Northern Urals, bears the name of the Russian businessman A. N. Demidov.
Having a grainy granular structure, this stone, which is formed as a result of sticking of bluish-green chrysocolla crusts to blocks of malachite, is its strongest, densest and most expensive variety.
Separate translucent specimens of demidovite are classified by collectors as precious stones.
The similarity of demidovite with turquoise is the reason for its high demand among jewelers around the world.
Copper azure (azurite)
Mixture lapis lazuli and chrysocolla. Fragile blue compound with numerous inclusions. It is formed in the form of crystals and has perfect cleavage.
Chrysocolla + turquoise + malachite.
The healing possibilities of the stone
In ancient times, people tried to benefit from everything that was available to them. "Stone medicine" was especially popular. That is why the rulers: emperors, princes and kings - literally hung themselves with various minerals.
To date, the effect of minerals on the human body has not been fully studied. However, even modern scientists and doctors recognize that the healing properties of stones carry great potential.
It should be remembered that mineral products cannot be accepted even from the closest people. The stone feels the human biofield, becomes as if part of it. Therefore, chrysocolla jewelry should have only one owner.
- Chrysocolla for women's health. Copper, abundantly contained in this mineral, is responsible for the synthesis of female sex hormones. That is why a copper nugget is rightfully called a female healer. Wearing earrings, rings, chrysocolla beads will help to cope with gynecological problems. It has been noticed that a woman who constantly wears jewelry with a copper nugget does not experience the pain of premenstrual syndrome, and the cycle becomes stable and regular. For medicinal purposes, the mineral is well combined with silver and zirconium. An even more pronounced effect is the application of an untreated stone to the sore spot. Wearing chrysocolla jewelry during pregnancy will ensure the favorable development of the baby and the peace of mind of the expectant mother. This mineral is able to get rid of premature birth, uterine tone and much more.
- Mineral for thyroid problems. The thyroid gland is a small but very important endocrine organ. It is responsible for thermoregulation, the functioning of the cardiovascular system, metabolism and much more. When the thyroid function is impaired, the entire body suffers. Chrysocolla is able to normalize the hormonal background of the thyroid gland, as well as protect the sensitive organ from the harmful effects of the external environment. Of course, with serious diseases of the thyroid gland, one should not forget about modern medicine. Medicines along with wonderful chrysocolla will restore health for many years.
- Bad habits. This stone can help a person stop using cigarettes and alcohol. The mineral improves hormonal levels, restoring the body from the inside, which improves well-being and mood. In this case, the psychological mood of a person plays a dominant role. Chrysocolla affects the biofield, thereby calming a person and making it easy and painless to give up bad habits.
- Wound healing. One of the most beautiful properties of chrysocolla is the ability to restore damaged tissues, accelerating their regeneration and normalizing blood circulation. In order to succeed, it is necessary to apply the mineral to the site of injury or scar for 15-20 minutes, and then thoroughly wash the area with water. Within a few days, a person will notice a significant improvement. Girls who want to discover the secret of eternal youth are advised to wash themselves with water infused with chrysocolla. This recipe will get rid of itching and redness of the skin, tighten fine wrinkles, and make the skin beautiful and velvety.
- Anesthesia. Chrysocolla jewelry has a wonderful property to relieve pain. People suffering from migraines are advised to keep a pendant with an azure mineral with them. Literally after two or three minutes of applying to the place of pain, the discomfort leaves and the state of health returns to normal.
- Diseases of the upper respiratory tract (colds, bronchitis, tonsillitis, etc.). Beads or a pendant made of chrysocolla will facilitate the release of sputum, stop asthma attacks and speed up the recovery of the patient.
- Chronic diseases of the digestive tract. Wearing bracelets, beads and rings contributes to the rapid recovery of the mucosa and scarring of gastric ulcers.
- Mental disorders (apathy, depression, sleep disorders).
Stones have always attracted sorcerers and shamans with their mysterious and enigmatic power. It is believed that each mineral is endowed with certain qualities, properties, one might even say a soul. Proper use of nuggets can help a person achieve his goal and gain well-being.
- "Lightning rod". Chrysocolla has a very important and useful property: this mineral is able to attract and absorb negative energy, preventing it from falling on its owner. Wearing jewelry with this stone to important meetings, events and social parties, you can be sure that everything will go fine.
- Wisdom, prudence and intelligence. No wonder chrysocolla was considered the favorite stone of King Solomon, the wisest of the wise. It has been noticed that people wearing jewelry with this mineral become more reasonable, quickly find a solution from various situations. When going to an exam or a test, it would be nice to take chrysocolla with you. This will help you get things done much better.
- Protection from dark forces. Chrysocolla is the mineral that can protect against negative magical effects. It is believed that a soft azure mineral, translucent and natural in shape, is best suited for this purpose. You need to wear it in a conspicuous place - on the neck, like a pendant or beads, as earrings or a brooch. Figurines and figurines made of chrysocolla should be in the house at the entrance, in a conspicuous place. The mineral is able to protect against uninvited guests and enemies. It should be borne in mind: in the case of a strong magical effect, the stone may simply burst or break into small pieces. If this happens, do not try to repair the jewelry or use the fragments for decorative purposes - this can be very dangerous. The best solution is to bury the fragments in an inconspicuous place, and in extreme cases, just throw them away.
- Good luck in love affairs. Every girl dreams of finding a husband - kind, handsome, successful and loving. But, unfortunately, they are often disappointed. Chrysocolla has a wonderful property, like a magnet, it is able to attract a person who is internally suitable for a girl. In addition, multi-colored overflows of chrysocolla successfully shade the skin and are combined with almost any clothing. Girls who dream of changing their lives and getting married are advised to purchase a kit with this mineral.
- Help with depression. Chrysocolla beads are able to absorb sadness and negative emotions, save their owner from panic, depression and other psychological problems. Touching the mineral before going to bed will help you fall asleep peacefully and see only light and joyful dreams.
Talismans and charms
Chrysocolla, used as a talisman, is capable of:
- Save your owner from nightmares, excessive anxiety and all kinds of phobias. To enhance the magical effect, it is recommended to wear a gem around the neck. An amulet hanging at the head of a crib will protect the baby from sleepwalking, nightmares and fear of the dark.
- Protect the home of its owner from external evil, eliminating its penetration through the TV screen or computer monitor. The negative energy of bad people who visited the house will be instantly neutralized and returned to them back. Feeling this, they will want to leave immediately and will refrain from repeat visits. To protect the house, it is recommended to use small chrysocolla figurines, placing them at the entrance, in the most visible place.
- Provide normal course of pregnancy throughout its duration.
- Protect the owner from magical influences and machinations of ill-wishers. This task is best handled by translucent stones of pale blue color. They should be worn in plain sight, in the form of a brooch, beads, earrings or pendant.
You should know that with too powerful a magical effect, chrysocolla can burst, scattering into small particles.
In this case, it is categorically impossible to either repair the damaged jewelry or use its fragments in any way: they can be dangerous. It is best to either throw them away or bury them in a secluded place.
Chrysocolla, playing the role of a talisman, will help:
- Lovers avoid quarrels and conflicts.
- People involved in science should determine the main direction of work and find a quick way to achieve the intended goal (Right-handed people should wear a gem ring on their right hand, left-handers on their left).
- Creative people find inspiration by finding the right balance between sober calculation and flight of fancy.
- Shy people discover the makings of a leader or oratory.
In order to enhance the magical properties of chrysocolla, it is recommended to set it in copper.
Who is suitable for the sign of the zodiac
Chrysocolla is one of the minerals that are suitable for representatives of any zodiac sign, but for Sagittarius and Taurus compatibility with this stone is maximum.
Who else is suitable for:
- With chrysocolla Taurus they will gain a sense of security, self-confidence and harmony with the world around them. The influence of the gem will make them more adequate, wise and successful.
- Sagittarius the gem will not only protect against all sorts of misfortunes, but also teach you how to cope with emotions, getting rid of the habit of panicking in emergency situations.
- Enlisting the support of the mineral, Cancers and Aquarius will be engaged in self-development and will be able to realize their rich creative potential, gain wisdom and develop intuition.
- Possession of a stone will fill the life of Devs, Lviv and Libra harmony, bring them happiness and financial well-being.
- The support of chrysocolla will help Gemini to strengthen the already remarkable intelligence.
- The magic of chrysocolla will relieve Pisces of indecision, making them more purposeful, collected and disciplined.
- Capricorn, Aries and Scorpio with the help of a gem, they will be able to strengthen their health.
("+++" - the stone fits perfectly, "+" - can be worn, "-" - absolutely contraindicated):
|Taurus||+ + +|
|Cancer||+ + +|
|Scorpio||+ + +|
|Capricorn||+ + +|
|Aquarius||+ + +|
Jewelry with chrysocolla
Jewelry with chrysocolla look equally organic in both everyday and evening looks, designed to attend business meetings and social events.
The best metals for framing this gem are platinum and silver.
Protecting a fragile mineral from mechanical damage, they not only emphasize its extraordinary beauty, but also greatly enhance its magical properties.
The price of products with chrysocolla is formed taking into account many factors: the place where the stone was mined, its color, size, purity and complexity of jewelry processing.
- A pendant with a natural stone can cost the buyer between 20 and 400 euros.
- The cost of earrings in a silver frame ranges from 15-90 euros.
- The bracelet can be bought for 10-80 euros.
- The cost of a ring with a chrysocolla insert, depending on the metal of the frame, can range from 20 to 1800 euros.
- For a mineral processed with a cabochon, the buyer can pay from 5 to 40 euros.
Other uses of stone
In addition to jewelry and stone-cutting, chrysocolla is actively used in:
- conducting magical rituals and ceremonies;
- alternative medicine;
Care of products with chrysocolla
In order for jewelry with chrysocolla to please its owner for many years, it is recommended:
- Take them off while visiting the sauna, baths and before any water procedures, since this stone is afraid of sudden temperature changes, and exposure to water will only increase its natural fragility over time. Products with a gem that dissolves in acids must also be removed before cleaning with aggressive detergents.
- Refrain from wearing earrings and rings in frosty weather (beads and pendants can be hidden under clothing), as well as on too hot days.
- Do not expose steam or ultrasonic cleaning.
- clean gem, afraid of water, only with a dry brush or a soft cloth made of suede or flannel, avoiding a rough and intense effect on the stone.
- Do not expose mineral to infrared and ultraviolet radiation, so you should not wear jewelry with it when going to the beach and to the solarium.
- Protect a fragile gem from bumps and falls from a height. It should be stored separately from other stones, in a soft bag made of suede or velvet.
How to distinguish from fakes
Despite the low cost of chrysocolla, it is sometimes faked. The powder left from the cutting of jewelry samples is pressed, fastening it with the help of special cements.
From the obtained briquettes of pressed stone (in principle, it is natural, despite the complete absence of healing and magical properties), jewelry is made.
In order not to become a victim of deception, it is recommended:
- Carefully examine and feel the stone: an excessive amount of black spots and a sticky feeling that occurs upon contact with the mineral are signs of a fake.
- Squeeze a stone in your hand. The temperature of a natural mineral endowed with low thermal conductivity will hardly change, while an imitation made of glass or plastic will heat up almost instantly.
- Touch the stone with your tongue. A natural gem containing a large amount of hygroscopic copper silicate will immediately adhere to the tongue, and the degree of adhesion will be higher in specimens that have less water in the chemical composition.
- If beads are tested - touch the thread on which they are strung with your fingers. Blue skin indicates a fake.
What stones are combined with
Chrysocolla belongs to the minerals of the elements of water and goes well with stones of the same spectrum. Emerald, malachite, moon rock и
A copper gem coexists neutrally with aquamarine, lapis lazuli, larimar. These stones do not violate the properties of each other, but do not enhance them either.
An unsuccessful decision would be to wear chrysocolla along with pearls. This stone from the seabed is whimsical, and a person who combines it with a gem will feel inner discomfort.
Silver and platinum will serve as the best frame for chrysocolla jewelry. These noble metals protect the stone, enhance its beauty and complement its magical abilities.
In ancient Egypt, chrysocolla, ground into powder, was sometimes used as a poison that, due to its extremely slow action, could kill a person completely unnoticed.
The toxic effect of the powder is explained by the high content of copper salts, which are extremely dangerous for the human body, in the chemical composition of the mineral.
Today, chrysocolla jewelry inserts are coated with a protective coating that eliminates the risk of accidental poisoning.
Each copy of chrysocolla is unique. Even in paired products with inserts obtained from the same aggregate, each pebble will look somewhat different.
That is why, when purchasing products from chrysocolla, the buyer can be sure of their absolute originality.